Copyrights are meant to protect artwork and its creator or owner. They give exclusive rights to the owner to reproduce their work or create derivative works, to display or perform their work and to financially benefit from their work.
There are three types of patents in the United States; Utility, Design and Plant. Each of these is used to protect a patented invention from being reproduced or sold for a certain amount of time, allowing only the inventor to utilize their creation.
Trademarks make a company or brand distinguishable from their competition. Unlike patents and copyrights, trademarks are assumed once they are being used without filing with the government.